Can You Start a Sentence With “Before”?

Starting a sentence with "Before" often sparks debate among linguists and grammar enthusiasts. Some argue that it's grammatically incorrect, while others insist it's perfectly acceptable. In this article, we'll dive into the role of "Before", provide examples of its effective usage, caution against potential pitfalls, and debunk common misconceptions.

The Role of "Before" in a Sentence

"Before" is a versatile English term that primarily functions as a conjunction, preposition, or adverb. When used as a conjunction, it links two clauses or phrases together, indicating that one action happens prior to another. As a preposition, it denotes the position of something in relation to another thing, usually in terms of time, while as an adverb, it refers to a time earlier than the present or a time preceding a certain point.

Instances Where Starting With "Before" Works Well

Starting a sentence with "Before" can create a sense of anticipation or denote a sequence of events. It works particularly well in narrative writing, where the sequence of events is essential. However, it's also effective in academic and professional writing where clear timelines are necessary.

Sentence Explanation
Before we proceed, let's review the previous topic. Here, "Before" is used effectively to denote a sequence of actions.
Before the advent of smartphones, people relied on traditional maps for navigation. "Before" effectively sets the stage for a comparison.
Before you judge, try to understand. The term is used here to create a sense of anticipation.
Before sunrise, the birds start singing. "Before" denotes a specific time sequence.
Before anything else, preparation is the key to success. "Before" is used to emphasize the importance of preparation.

Instances Where Caution is Needed

While "Before" can effectively start a sentence, caution is needed to avoid confusion or awkwardness. Overuse of the term or using it to start consecutive sentences can disrupt the flow of writing and make it monotonous. Also, starting a sentence with "Before" can sometimes lead to ambiguity if not used properly.

Sentence Explanation
Before, I used to play football. The placement of "Before" here is awkward and can be confusing. "I used to play football before" is clearer.
Before the game. This sentence is incomplete and leaves the reader hanging.
Before I eat, I pray, and I exercise. This sentence is confusing as it's unclear what action "before" is referring to.
Before you left and I arrived. This sentence can be confusing due to the double action following "Before".
Before the movie starts, the commercials, and the popcorn. The sentence structure is awkward and confusing.

Tips for Using "Before" at the Beginning of a Sentence

When starting a sentence with "Before", ensure the sentence is complete and clear. Avoid using "Before" in consecutive sentences to prevent monotony. Also, use "Before" to create anticipation or denote a sequence of events, but avoid ambiguity.

  • Do: Use "Before" to start a sentence when creating a sense of anticipation or sequence.
  • Don't: Start consecutive sentences with "Before" to avoid monotony and confusion.
  • Do: Ensure your sentence is complete when starting with "Before".
  • Don't: Use "Before" in a way that creates ambiguity.

Common Misconceptions and Myths

Despite its widespread use, misconceptions about starting sentences with "Before" persist.

  • Myth: Starting a sentence with "Before" is grammatically incorrect.
    • Fact: It's perfectly grammatically correct to start a sentence with "Before" as long as the sentence is complete and clear.
  • Myth: "Before" should only be used in the middle or end of a sentence.
    • Fact: "Before" is versatile and can be effectively used at the start, middle, or end of a sentence.
  • Myth: "Before" can be used interchangeably with "After".
    • Fact: While both "Before" and "After" denote time sequences, they have opposite meanings and cannot be used interchangeably.


Starting a sentence with "Before" is grammatically correct and can lend a sense of anticipation or clearly denote a sequence of events. However, it's important to use it judiciously to prevent monotony and avoid ambiguity. Remember, the key to effective writing is clarity and variety. As long as your sentence is clear and contributes to the overall flow of your writing, feel free to start it with "Before".

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